Latin may also be useful in the same regard for Latin phrases. You can make your own educated guess by using the clever interactive infographic at economist.com/chinavusa. But Latin—which gives us both “direct” and “use”, both “virtually” and “nil”—has been of indirect use every day of my career. They range from the intellectual to the economical to the practical. Can you imagine three PhD students in English at Harvard forgetting how to write the English word “sneeze”? Language, as described above, is species-specific to human beings. With new pronunciation and a few new words you’ll get around in Portugal and parts of Africa. Even for those with no political ambitions, there is another compelling reason to pick Spanish as your second language: it’s easy (certainly compared with, say, Mandarin). This article is more than 17 years old. France was able to dominate world literature, as they did, because they were in the forefront of all areas of learning and intellectual endeavors — the language of the enlightenment thoughts was French; French medicine and mathematics were the best in the world; French was also the language of international law; french explorers and geographers singlehandedly documented the entire globe. The foundational works of our shared culture. It even has members with few ties to French or France, like Egypt, that simply want to associate themselves with the prestige of the French-speaking world. Advocates of this model believe that the value of literature lies in its unique distillation of culture. When you understand how beautifully Arabic fits together – why the root meaning “west” leads to the words for “sunset” and “strange” – the sense of illumination is sublimely satisfying. Just as spectacular as China’s, if on a smaller scale, Japan’s economic growth led many to think it would take over the world. When it refers to a specific collection of books, papers, etc., related to a given subject, it is often used as a countable noun, and you should say “the literature”, referring to the literature of the given field. If such gripes are common to most languages, there is something more to it in Chinese. I did not choose this language; it was thrust on me by the offer of a job in São Paulo. However, “literature” also has a different meaning. Hispanidad also has a rich literature, from Cervantes to Gabriel García Márquez, that is best enjoyed in the original. While you do have many options available, these are among the best German grammar books you can find today. 1 person has voted this message useful This factor is the Chinese writing system (which Japan borrowed and adapted centuries ago). The Chinese economy is likely to continue to outpace the rich world’s for decades to come, tilting the balance of economic power. Among these people, the number of native Spanish-speakers is rising towards 400m; as a mother tongue, only Mandarin Chinese is bigger. Language and Literature is an invaluable international peer-reviewed journal that covers the latest research in stylistics, defined as the study of style in literary and non-literary language. And learning another tongue helps the student grasp another way of thinking. It is a vivid presence in English and French, it is the mother of Italian and Spanish, and it even seeps into German. I ask this because I am more than willing to learn several languages but I want to be able to speak them well and I also want to really learn them for the literature. Another 19 countries are observer members. Nonetheless, compelling reasons remain for learning other languages. I want to read the classics, I guess. Each of the five languages in your flair has a rich literature with substantial contributions to the modern literature of the western world. Which 5 would you recommend? Learn Spanish? ), my answer would be French. In this model, the class reads fiction or poetry as part of th… The rest of us are looking for a decent return on our investment. Already China’s spectacular 30-year boom has transformed our lives. If the point of a language is to be able to communicate with as many people as possible, there is no contest. Best Traditional SAT Prep Books for Instruction, Strategy, and Practice Questions. By all means, if China is your main interest, for business or pleasure, learn Chinese. An English literature degree will incorporate elements of history, sociology, philosophy, critical thinking, visual culture and more, teaching students to place works in their proper context and providing an understanding of how societies create art and how ideas in great works of writing can create profound changes in society. Not one of them could correctly produce the character. More often than not, the words these languages have in common are the Latin ones: it remains a lingua franca. Arguably, he is not even the best. Literature is always best read in the original. But Hispanidad is not a single country. German was once considered “the language of science,” but it was replaced by English after World War I. Unsurprisingly, children's books and fairy tales dominate the list of the most translated books throughout history. Any visit there is greatly enhanced by some grasp of the language. The 100 best novels Books. You won’t need a new alphabet or much new grammar, though you may find the language addicted to declensions and unduly fond of the subjunctive. With that ambition, why limit yourself to 5? And so on. Fewer and fewer native speakers learn to produce characters in traditional calligraphy. But when I think of my sons, now ten and five, one day being able to write “fluent Brazilian Portuguese” on their CVs, I feel a little smug. Here, we have listed 10 of the best international language you can learn in India if you intend to remain competent and relevant in today’s job market. Hispanidad also has a rich literature, from Cervantes to Gabriel García Márquez, that is best enjoyed in the original. And lest we forget its heartland itself, France attracts more tourists than any other country—76.8m in 2010, according to the World Tourism Organisation, leaving America a distant second with 59.7m. Shakespeare’s dead. SAT Prep Black Book, 2nd Edition The European Union speaks little else. If you want six, I'd add Italian to the list. If you want six, I'd add Italian to the list. Arabic by Josie Delap To a native English-speaker, searching for a language to learn and probably inexpert in the dark arts of grammar, the simple Romance languages with their common-sense syntax might seem obvious choices, perhaps even those of Scandinavia with their familiar-sounding, if oddly spelt, vocabulary. And certainly middle-ages/ecclesiastical Latin. If China is the country of the future, is Chinese the language of the future? There are great authors (old and new ones) in French, Spanish, English, German, Norwegian, Swedish, Italian etc etc. But really, "Western literature" is still too vague. The author started out as the “poet laureate of Twitter”; her language is brilliant, and she has a completely original mind. And you really should see an Almodóvar film without subtitles. Latin offers no hiding place, no refuge for the woolly. The price for the rigour is the mortis. While those studying Spanish gallop ahead, chattering about beers they want and sisters they have, you must master a new script; one whose dots and dashes blur before your eyes, whose vowels fade into nothingness, whose letters change shape depending on where they appear in the word. One with close relatives, so you have a head start with your third language. French ranks only 16th on the list of languages ranked by native speakers. The words we take from Latin tend to be long, reflective, intellectual (the short, punchy words we didn’t need to import: live, die, eat, drink, love, hate). It can sometimes differ noticeably from the various spoken lects, but difference between literary and non-literary forms is greater in some languages than in others. The first years of Arabic are frustrating, like doing a jigsaw of a cloudy night sky. I would say that English has the best overall literature in terms of languages, because it includes all the literature from Great Britain, Ireland, the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Caribbean countries such as Jamaica, African countries such as Nigeria, Kenya, and Zimbabwe, and other places I. Literature refers to any sort written or spoken material, regarded as an art form, which has some intellectual value, due to the use of language in a manner, which is different from its normal usage. Literary language is an act of conscious creation (González-Serna Sánchez, 2010, 49) in which the writer can have the freedom to write in an original and unpublished way, considering the proper meaning he gives to words and This way away from the common language. First of all… why exactly should you teach literature? It is hard. It covers a territory perhaps one-and-a-half times the size of China. ¡Cómo no!, as they say in Hispanidad. Three models of literature-based teaching in the language classroomhave been developed, each one based on a different and compelling reason for the practice: The Cultural Model. Also in the top 15 are Arabic, Spanish and Portuguese, major languages to be sure, but regionally concentrated. With less and less need to recall the characters cold, the Chinese are forgetting them. But “standard Chinese” (putonghua, aka “Mandarin”), or something close to it, is understood almost everywhere, as it is taught in schools. For anything within the past few centuries, the modern languages will suffice. So, if you are wondering which foreign language is in demand in India. The weather is great and so are the beaches. There are many such songs in Catullus, whose elegant poetry I had spent a whole term plodding through. Half a century ago, when Tom Lehrer wrote his satirical song, the idea of a German rocket scientist counting backwards to zero in Chinese must have sounded both exotic and rather sinister to his American audience. But instead, breathe deep, and plunge into Arabic. Fiction or non-fiction books written in languages other than English. Introduction by Robert Lane Greene For language lovers, the facts are grim: Anglophones simply aren’t learning them any more. Now that China is ready to take over from America as the country that sends men to the moon, surely there can be no doubt that it talks the language the rest of us should be learning. China’s economy is going to be the biggest in the world – the only question is when. Nowadays, would-be presidents make sure to advertise in Spanish: Soy Mitt Romney y apruebo este mensaje. Even when India assumes that status in the next decade or so, Chinese speakers will still far outnumber those who understand and speak India’s biggest language, Hindi, even if Pakistani speakers of Urdu, which is very similar, are added in. In one way, sure, but in others it lives on. And you really should see an Almodóvar film without subtitles. If you were to learn ten languages ranked by general usefulness, Japanese would probably not make the list. Egyptians, Syrians and Palestinians, moved that you have troubled to do battle with their tongue, will shower you with praise. Because I want to be able to converse in them very well, I suppose. In business, if the team on the other side of the table knows your language but you don’t know theirs, they almost certainly know more about you and your company than you do about them and theirs—a bad position to negotiate from. It was a long turgid parade of Latin-derived words. How the pandemic wiped the smile off our faces (literally), Why “Bridgerton” won’t start a craze for corsets, Where there’s muck there’s brass: making money from sewage in Kolkata. As long as China keeps the character-based system—which will probably be a long time, thanks to cultural attachment and practical concerns alike—Chinese is very unlikely to become a true world language, an auxiliary language like English, the language a Brazilian chemist will publish papers in, hoping that they will be read in Finland and Canada. Nowadays, would-be presidents make sure to advertise in Spanish: Soy Mitt Romney y este! Practice problems of Africa and Asia makes the case for Spanish stronger.. Th… literature, a body of written works were to learn for fun the economical to the economical the... To converse in them very well, I guess language and genre there are languages... Following four books are the beaches rest of the cultured, language-learning is in among... 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