With a few exceptions, anyone born in Australia between 1949 and 1986 acquired citizenship automatically at birth. If born overseas to an Australian permanent resident parent, you are NOT eligible to apply for citizenship through descent. Many people are fortunate to be born in Australia, therefore automatically gaining citizenship in most instances. In Australia, citizens have the right to work, vote, and stand for election to public office. Along with being able to say that you are officially a citizen, there are a number of other benefits to becoming a citizen of the country you reside in. The easiest way to become an Israeli citizen is to be born in Israel, or have 1 or both parents who are Israeli citizens. More information about citizenship by conferral can be found here. The Australian citizenship test consists of 20 multiple-choice questions in three parts to be answered in 45 minutes. Not everyone has sit for this test, including minors, people over age 60, or people with physical handicaps. Usually your ceremony will be held within six months from the time your application is approved, but waiting times may vary. You are advised to study the learning material in the official handbook before attempting the test. Being born in Australia does not make you an Australian citizen. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. There are 13 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. New Zealand citizens are granted a Special Category visa (SCV) upon arrival to Australia. Why are you referring me to the Department of Home Affairs? Generally, we work on applications in the order we receive them. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. What are the requirements for Australian Citizenship if I am a citizen of New Zealand? As a New Zealand citizen your eligibility for Australian citizenship depends on whether you arrived in Australia before or after 26 February 2001. A SCV is a temporary visa but it grants the New Zealand citizen the right to live and work in Australia for the duration of their stay. If your application is successful, you will be invited to participate in an Australian citizenship ceremony, which comprises of the Australian Citizenship Pledge. You also cannot be more than 50 years old. Doctor of Law, University of Wisconsin-Madison. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. “Immigration Direct” is a trademark used by Immigration Direct and protected by applicable law. On arrival in Australia, most New Zealand citizens are automatically granted a Special Category visa (SCV). Citizenship Application – Are you eligible to apply for an Australian Citizenship? Australian citizenship is the status of enjoying and fulfilling the same rights and duties as of those who are naturally born in Australia. Immigration Direct is not affiliated with the Australian government, is not a law firm, and is not a substitute for an attorney or law firm. Citizenship by Birth. This article was co-authored by Clinton M. Sandvick, JD, PhD. They can hold a passport, reenter the country at will, avoid deportation, and serve in the federal government as well as the military. Here you will make your Australian Citizenship Pledge. However, if the situation is otherwise, potential citizens could still apply and be accepted if: To become an American citizen, an Australian national must take specific steps. You may also be able to complete your application online, via the e-Lodgement system. This is the final set to becoming an Australian Citizen! We assess applications on a case-by-case basis. Australian citizenship is something which most people wish to obtain, but even if you are the partner or spouse of an Australian citizen, you are not eligible for an automatic citizenship. You should use DHA’s Form 1300t if you meet the application requirements and are in between 18 and 59 years old. This article has been viewed 29,946 times. You’ll need to apply for permanent residency. Communications between you and Immigration Direct or any employee are not protected by any privilege. I plan to do my regional work so that I can apply for my second year visa. An individual born overseas by the parents belonging to Australian nation can automatically become an Australian by descent. Once you have gathered all supporting documents, completed the application, and prepared the filing fee, you can submit it to DHA electronically (online) or via mail. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 29,946 times. You need to be a permanent resident and meet certain criteria before you can apply. In all cases, citizenship begins with legal permanent residency. Becoming an Australian citizen means that you are making an ongoing commitment to Australia and all that this country stands for. How to apply . Is there an option for me to be granted a permanent visa? 3. For this type of visa you will need to submit a skills test. Simplifying Immigration | We are not operated or affiliated nor endorsed by a government agency. 2. % of people told us that this article helped them. Read on for information on each eligibility form’s specific cost. If the applicant’s parent also acquired their Australian citizenship by descent or through adoption, the parent must have been present in Australia for periods totalling two years at some time in their life in order for the applicant to now be registered as an Australian citizen by descent. Apply for work in the Australian Public Service or in the Australian Defence Force. These change from year to year. Application for Evidence of Australian Citizenship: If you need a Citizenship Certificate (proof of your citizenship status) Download Now: Form 128: Application for Renunciation of Australian Citizenship: If you’d like to resign to your citizenship (i.e. The Australian Citizenship Act 2007 governs how non-citizens can become naturalised through a citizenship process and obtain Australian citizenship. Advice on Becoming a Citizen of Australia. Many of them get good jobs in Australia. Non-citizens. Immigration Direct does not provide legal or immigration advice, opinions or recommendations to its users about their possible legal rights, legal remedies, legal defenses, legal options or legal strategies, selection of forms, or answers to specific questions on forms. Become an Australian Citizen with this step-by-step instruction guide designed to walk you through the process. Adoption by Australian people. Refugees are not eligible for permanent residency. Please note that your access to and use of this site is subject to Immigration Direct’s Terms of Use and Privacy Policy, which, by using this site, you are agreeing to. You may attach or upload copies of all official documents. Ways to become an Australian Citizen include: Citizenship by birth; Citizenship by descent; Citizenship by adoption under a law in force in a State or Territory; Citizenship by conferral. Being an Australian citizen is the only way you can secure the right to stay in this country. Identity: Provide a document with your photograph and/or signature that proves your identity. Australian Citizenship: How You Can Become An Australian Citizen. The exact form you’ll need to file will depend on your specific scenario and will consist of 8 to 9 sections or parts that will ask you to: complete information about yourself, your children and your parents (name, date of birth, gender, place of birth, address, country of citizenship, etc). Purchase price does not include application or filing fees that may be charged by the Department of Home Affairs or by any other agency. Locate where to mail your application. 3. Vote in federal and state or territory elections, and in a referendum. All Rights Reserved. To become an Australian citizen you not only need to have lived the past four years as a Permanent resident in Australia, you need to also meet other certain requirements. This test demonstrates a basic knowledge of the English language and an adequate knowledge of Australia as well as the rights and responsibilities of being a citizen. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. If an original document is not in English, you must submit a translation done by an accredited translator www.naati.com.au. In Australia, citizenship can be acquired automatically or by application. By using our site, you agree to our. Once you’ve resided in Australia for 4 years and been a permanent resident for 1 year, you are eligible to apply for citizenship. Once you’ve been a permanent resident for 12 months or more, you can apply for Australian citizenship.The key benefits of becoming an Australian citizen are that it allows you to: 1. If you want to become Australian but don’t want to give up your current nationality altogether, then dual citizenship is the way forward. 2. Under the terms of my entry into Australia, to get from a permanent resident, as I am, to Australian citizen, as I plan to be, I need to live here for four years. The citizenship test: is in English; consists of 20 multiple choice questions; has a pass mark of 75% (15 or more correct answers) Press the button below to start the test. What are the privileges of Australian citizens, and why you would want to become one? Submit your application with the applicable fees. Can I get Australian Citizenship if I Marry an Australian? Free Travel and Re-entry. Once you have submitted your application, you will be contacted by the department. Yes you must be an Australian citizen to hold an Australian passport. The filing fee ranges between $180 to $285 depending on the form you use to file. You will need to get copies of the original documents, certified by an Australian citizen who is not related to you by birth. This applies even if your parent has subsequently changed their citizenship, as long as you were born outside of Australia. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Advice on Becoming a Citizen of Australia. More InfoGot it, Holding Australian permanent resident status for 4 years and living in Australia for at least 4 years prior to applying, strengthen the Australian Values Statement, test and pledge of commitment, require applicants to show integration into the Australian community, Proof of your spouse’s or parent’s Australian Citizenship Status, Or, if you are a New Zealand citizen who has arrived prior to February 2001 then you might need to provide a document issued by the. There are several ways of applying to become an Australian citizen; the application process varies according to your current visa and residency status. If you your parent is an Australian citizen or you’ve held permanent residency, you may already qualify. Become an Australian citizen (by conferral) Permanent residents or New Zealand citizens Becoming a citizen by conferral is a common way to become an Australian citizen. Due in part to its isolated location, the Australian government has a number of pathways for immigrants to earn these rights. By continuing to use our website without changing your settings, you are agreeing to our Privacy Policy and use of cookies. I came from the UK with my parents when I was 6. How to become Australian: Immigrants are eligible for Australian citizenship after just two years’ residence in the previous five years, but this must include a total of 12 months in the two years The Australian border authorities share stories of people who have become Australian citizens, and their experience of the process. However, this does … Jump to :Step 1Step 2Step 3Step 4Step 5Step 6Step 7Step 8. Without being an Australian permanent resident or citizen, they are not allowed to apply for HECS-HELP loan or some social benefits from Centrelink, for example. You must submit the required documents with your application or it will not be processed. You can also establish permanent residency in Israel by living there for 3 out of 5 years before applying for citizenship. Residency in Australia: Provide a document that will help you prove you’ve been living continuously and legally in Australia for the past four years. Once you've received your permanent resident status, a journey that can take anywhere from nine months to multiple years, residents who wish to become citizens need to spend at least four … If you choose to submit your application via mail, be sure to send it to the correct address depending on where you live. List of Pathways, Benefits, Requirements, Obligations & Policy. It is also the beginning of your formal membership of the Australian community. The timeframes shown can vary because of individual circumstances. After that I hope to find a sponsor for longer residency. Those requirements to become an Australian citizen are: That you are a permanent resident … It is the step that will enable you to say 'I am Australian'. Time in prison or a psychiatric institution will not count toward your residency requirements. Citizenship in Australia can be by birth, descent, or conferral. You’ll provide the originals at your citizenship appointment or interview. Australia’s immigration laws are complex and merit-based. Australian citizenship by descent. Even under such circumstances an application for citizenship must be made and you must fulfill the eligibility criteria just like any other individual applying for the same. After becoming an Australian citizen, children who are born on-shore will automatically be Australian citizens. Can I apply for an Australian passport? For migrants with permanent residence the application fee is currently $285. You may qualify to apply immediately or even already be a citizen. Find out the most current fees on the Australian Government’s Department of Immigration and Citizenship website. Be aware, again, of age, skill, and language requirements for this stream. Australian citizenship by conferral (general eligibility and other situations) Australian citizenship by descent; evidence of Australian citizenship; We update the information every month. There is also an English language requirement. But if you have entrepreneurial skills and the funding to back it up, there are a few different doors to citizenship open for you. The Australian Citizenship Act 2007 sets out the law on who is and who can become an Australian citizen. Date of birth, birth name (and any name changes, if applicable): You will need to provide a copy of your birth certificate. Disclaimer: The information provided on this site is not legal or immigration advice but general information on issues commonly encountered when dealing with citizenship or immigration matters. Apply for an Australian passport and re-enter Australia freely. You must not have been away from Australia for more than 12 months in the last 4 years, or for more than 90 days in the past year. You will also be requested to take an interview or sit for the Australian Citizenship test. In some cases, Australian citizens will also be allowed multiple citizenships, and of course, the opportunity to be a valuable part of the Australian nation and community. Once you have completed the application, you will need to submit it to DHA with the application filing fee. I am married to an Australian; do I have to be an Australian citizen? The individual can become Italian citizenship by descent if any of his or her parents were birthed before January 1, 1948. The last step on my Australian immigration journey was to become a citizen. Is it possible to get the Australian citizenship and passport? Prepare Official Translations (if needed), Any document you send to the DHA must be in English. Jus soli applied even if your parents were visitors or foreigners. However, at what point can I apply to be a permanent citizen of Australia. It shouldn’t be difficult for you to attain citizenship, but you must apply for it first. This site uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. In this case you would either be eligible by birth or descent. I have lived in Australia since January 1964. Do you qualify for any of these categories? Being born in Australia as an Australian citizen generally has no cost, other than the birth certificate cost, but for Migrants who wish to apply for Citizenship, and for Australians born outside Australia, there are some costs. You may qualify to apply immediately or even already be a citizen. To become a permanent resident, it all depends on when they first arrived in Australia, how long they have been living here, work, family composition. However, to be granted an Australian Citizenship when engaged in a relationship with an Australian citizen, the person must satisfy a number of other requirements. Citizenship Applying for Australian Citizenship. To get an Australian citizenship certificate, you have to apply to the Department of Home Affairs. If over 18, you will also have to show that you are of “good character.” This judgement is made on the basis of your past criminal record, but also on whether the government deems you to be a risk to safety, security, and stability in Australia. Legally accepted documents for proving citizenship include passports, birth certificates issued in Australia, naturalization certificates, and certificates of citizenship by descent. Along with being able to say that you are officially a citizen, there are a number of other benefits to becoming a citizen of the country you reside in. The general eligibility requirements for Australian Citizenship are: In addition to the changes announced on April 20, 2017 which will: Click here to learn more about the Australian Citizenship Changes. Knowledge requirement: To become an Australian citizen, you must show that you understand what it means to be a citizen. To claim citizenship by descent, your parents cannot have a citizen or national of another country. Seek election to parliament. Try consulting the Australian government's online resources. Read more on how to become an Australian citizen. This article was co-authored by Clinton M. Sandvick, JD, PhD. I immigrated in 1965 and I am a permanent resident. Of course, if you have one Australian parent, your citizenship journey is going to be much easier; Australian citizenship by descent is one of the most straightforward … Passport-style photo: Provide a passport-style photo that was taken within the last six months. Then send off the completed application with all supporting documents and fees. After your complete the citizenship appointment and pass the test you must attend a Citizenship Ceremony. How to become an Australian citizen? Since the Australian government introduced the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948, over 5 million people have been naturalized. After the DHA receives your application, they … The documents described above are the minimum you will need to provide. You might already be a permanent resident. Acceptable documents include a driver’s license, passport or national identity card. There are many people who wonder if they can get Australian citizenship if they marry an Australian and, in all probability, the answer is yes. You must apply for the graduate visa within six months of finishing your program. Once the citizenship application is approved, applicants are required by law … This Australian citizenship test is designed to familiarise you with the format of the official. He received his JD from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1998 and his PhD in American History from the University of Oregon in 2013. Generally, those over the age of 18 who apply for Australian citizenship must: have passed a citizenship test (unless over the age of 60) be a permanent resident at the time of application, and also, at time of decision satisfy the residence requirement The Cost to Become an Australian citizen. However, if you are 60 years old and above, you do not have to sit the test. Australian citizenship is available for people who have resided in Australia as Permanent Residents for four years; they need to meet certain other requirements like good knowledge of English, knowledge about Australia etc. Becoming an Australian citizen can be a long, expensive and somewhat stressful journey, but the benefits often outweigh the drawbacks, and once you have become an Australian citizen, you can rest assured that you have a home in Australia for as long as you wish and can come and go to and from New Zealand and Australia as you please. There are some hoops to go through but it is not too hard with the right qualifications. Without collecting a criminal record. That is, you would qualify because you were born in Australia or meet other specific criteria. Consists of 20 multiple-choice questions in three parts to be granted a Special Category visa ( )... Specific requirements apply to be born in Australia, you must be completed by an person! 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Vote in federal and state or territory elections, and stand for election to Public.! Via mail, be sure to send it to DHA with the format of page! Toward your residency requirements of visa you will be providing have someone else testify your identity and validity your. May attach or upload copies of all official documents vary because of circumstances... This test, including minors, people over age 60, or people physical... Of Oregon in 2013 your situation you might need to provide your migration.... Vote, and language requirements for Australian citizenship Act 1948 – known as the ‘ old Act ’ a to. Citizenship begins with legal permanent residency the rules for an Australian citizen, you agree to our privacy and. The only way you can apply for permanent residency subsequently changed their citizenship, as long you!, children who are naturally born in Australia, citizens have the chance to apply or! 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