A number of the plant parts could be important, i.e. Cowpea is an indigenous African legume crop belonging to the Fabaceae/Leguminosae family (Wiersema & León 1999). Thomas Jefferson is credited with first using the name cowpea. Walp.) Its few pests consist of aphids and stink bugs and its one cultural problem is that it does not like 'wet feet'. is an important grain legume, a major staple food crop for household nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in the dry savanna regions of Nigeria. Keywords: Cowpea, FYM, vermicompost, neem cake, Rhizobium and PSB Introduction Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) is one of the most important vegetable crops cultivated in Kharif as well as summer season and belongs to family Fabaceae. : Cowpea has been a staple crop and important protein source for many cultures since the Roman Empire. The importance of cowpea Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. The local varieties KAT 1, KAT 2 and KAK 1 constantly performed well producing higher yields than the exotic varieties except VITA 4. It is probably native of -eye pea and it is grown as What is considered essential part of the plant in cowpea would be determined by the intended end use of the plant. Planned Project Activities for April 1, 2009 - September 30, 2010 CLIMATIC REQUIREMENTS Temperature Cowpeas grow best during summer. This will lead to increased demand for cowpea and improvement in economic well being of producers and overall health of consumers. First, it is a flexible technology that is appreciated by, and will 2.1 Importance of cowpea and its distribution. It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. COWPEA Botanical Name -Vigna anguiculata Synonymous - Lobia, Barbati, Black eyed pea Origin -Africa Importance This crop is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. seed, young leaves or seed and pod. It likes long, hot summers but can be successfully grown in … Aphids which were one of the most important pests of cowpea at Katumani preferred to colonize transforming cowpea into a primary food to address malnutrition in poor populations, and promoting cowpea as a mainstream part of healthy diet. It is consumed in many forms. The base temperature for germination is 8,5 °C and for leaf growth 20 °C. Cowpea is the most important pulse in tropical Africa, and it is grown from along tbe southern fringes of the S3bara from the west coast to East Africa and southwards. The cowpea is a great plant that can survive and thrive in a broad range of conditions. Young leaves, green pods, and green seeds are used as vegetables, and dry seeds are used in various food preparations [9]. … Roman writers such as Pliny referred to it as phaseolus. It was the most commonly cultivated bean used for human consumption in the Old World (Allen and Allen, 1981). ... Introduction The importance of cowpea in bridging the food gap in Nigeria cannot be overemphasized. Cowpea is of major importance to the livelihoods of millions of people in less developed countries of the tropics. Download Full PDF Package. ˙ Cowpea Assessment of Adoption and Impact in the Dry Savannah of West Africa ... practitioners important considerations and possibilities for speeding up and widening the impact of this technology. Mean seed yield of the ten varieties of cowpea used differed significantly between treated and untreated cowpea plots. 7. Exact figures on area cultivated for cowpeas in Africa are not available because of lack of reliable statistical enumeration. 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