a) 1000+ Videos covering entire CAT syllabusb) 2 Live Classes (online) every week for doubt clarificationc) Study Material & PDFs for practice and understandingd) 10 Mock Tests in the latest patterne) Previous Year Questions solved on video. Q 9) There are only four brands of entry level smartphones called Azra, Bysi, Cxqi, and Dipq in a country. …, t limited to the human race," Comment(c) Why do the scientists do surgical experiments on living animals? If for any assumption we do not get even a single contradiction, then that is the solution for the given binary logic problem. Games and Tournaments for CAT Exam Logical Reasoning – Part 1, Games and Tournaments for CAT Exam Logical Reasoning – Part 2, Games and Tournaments for CAT Exam Logical Reasoning – Part 3, Basics of Data Interpretation – Approximation, CAT Exam Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation. Insights are less apparent, intangible, latent. 2. How to solve logical reasoning problems based on team selection and group formation? Consider the following example to understand a typical binary logic problem: Three boys- Aman, Bagheer and Chiru replied to the question, “Who among you is a Doctor” in the following manner: We know exactly one of these boys is a Doctor, one is a Painter and one is an Athlete. Further, we know each of them own a different vehicle and each of them own exactly one among car, cycle and bike. Logical Reasoning – Set 1: Healthy Bites is a fast food joint serving three items: burgers, fries and ice cream. We can conclude that this statement can be made by the liar or the alternator. Q 3) The multi-layered pie-chart below shows the sales of LED television sets for a big retail electronics outlet during 2016 and 2017. This site is using cookies under cookie policy. This makes Shivam’s second statement true and so we know that Shivam is an alternator. If first statement of this person is true, then second will be false, third will be true and so on. Opinions are out of the running for libel, so you're free to describe a bad actor as "a loser" or the local mayor as "clueless." Truth, according to the dictionary, is “conformity to fact or actuality; a statement proven to be or accepted as true.” Some people would say that there is no true reality, only perceptions and opinions. then a is not a dctor is false so the left stat of alt will be true tht is c is alth and b is doctor. Logical truth is one of the most fundamental concepts in logic. To summarize our findings: So the answer to the question, ‘Who is a Doctor’, is Chiru. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. How wuold we know that his last statement is true without knowing his category? Tickets can be Platinum, Gold, or Economy. 9999 | Handa Ka Funda - Online Coaching for CAT and Banking Exams, Basics of Data Interpretation - Approximation | Handa Ka Funda - Online Coaching for CAT and Banking Exams, Lie for alternator, truth for truth-teller. There is no particular number of true statements or false statements made by this person but order is always TRUE-FALSE-TRUE- or FALSE-TRUE-FALSE. ​, questions in 30-40 words cach. This is a contradiction to our assumption which means that our assumption is wrong. Two routes are available, one via Mamur (M) and the other via Nanur (N). We are the leading online course provider for various MBA Entrance Exams like CAT, XAT, IIFT, SNAP, etc. (b) "Our duty to increase happiness and diminish misery is no If the liar makes the above statement, then it will be the truth for him which again contradicts the fact that a liar will always lie. Logical Reasoning – Set 2: There are 21 employees working in a division, out of whom 10 are special-skilled employees (SE) and the remaining are regular skilled employees (RE). It is not always that we have a person of each category. We will also use the assumptions-iteration method when statement 3 or 4 mentioned in step 1 is made by anyone as these statements will leave us with two options.Consider the following example: Utkarsh, Ravi and Shivam made the following statements regarding the type of vehicle they own. The multi-layered pie-chart below shows the sales of LED television sets for a big retail electronics outlet during 2016 and 2017. According to Politifact, 60% of all of the statements one is likely to hear on “Fox News” are lies. Fuel contamination levels at each of 20 petrol pumps P1, P2, …, P20 were recorded as either high, medium, or low. New Delhi: As many as 49 scientists and medical experts have issued a statement against those questioning the efficacy of Covid-19 vaccines Covishield and Covaxin, approved for emergency use in India. None of the statements made by him/her can be true. Also, when the number of persons is increased to 4 or 5 the question becomes even more complicated giving rise to more number of iterations. Most students spill their guts within seconds. An agency entrusted to accredit colleges looks at four parameters: faculty quality (F), reputation (R), placement quality (P), and infrastructure (I). Since there is one truth-teller and the only option for the truth-teller is Ravi thus we can say Ravi is the truth-teller. Hint: No Hint Question #3) Determine whether each of the following is a simple statement. Seven candidates, Akil, Balaram, Chitra, Divya, Erina, Fatima, and Ganeshan, were invited to interview for a position.? what kind of person would you say he is? Today's expenses will show up in tomorrow's financial statements, at which time the stock will suffer the consequences. According to consensus gentium, the universal consent of all mankind (all humans holding a distinct belief), proves it is true. 5000 per withdrawal using 100, 200 and 500 rupee notes. His second statement is false which automatically makes his first and second statements true. Fun Sports (FS) provides training in three sports – Gilli-danda (G), Kho-Kho (K), and Ludo (L).? Q 11) According to a coding scheme the sentence Peacock is designated as the national bird of India is coded as 5688999 35 1135556678 56 458 13666689 1334 79 13366. Each one of them belongs to exactly one category of truth-teller, liar or alternator. Data Interpretation – Set 5: Simple Happiness index (SHI) of a country is computed on the basis of three parameters: social support (S), freedom to life choices (F) and corruption perception (C). Each visitor to an amusement park needs to buy a ticket. Shivam does not own a cycle makes Ravi own a cycle. If it merely means agreement, as in a unanimous vote, its value is questionable. Q 6) Adriana, Bandita, Chitra, and Daisy are four female students, and Amit, Barun, Chetan, and Deb are four male students. It refers to the parent who does not denounce or complain and therefore who does not hinder the relationship of the child with the other parent. Now, since Bagheer is the alternator, Aman is definitely the liar. All the statements made by this person are true. @ameen : sir has clearly mentioned in the last paragraph that “The solution is ambiguous”. A number of other people have already told me the truth, I say, but because I’m such a fair and reasonable person, I would like to hear their side of it. Q 12) The base exchange rate of a currency X with respect to a currency Y is the number of units of currency Y which is equivalent in value to one unit of currency X. Q 13) Seven candidates, Akil, Balaram, Chitra, Divya, Erina, Fatima, and Ganeshan, were invited to interview for a position.? usatoday.com. Now, the question will specifically mention how many of them are truth-teller, liar or alternator. Learn how your comment data is processed. Further, we know each of them own a different vehicle and each of them own exactly one among car, cycle and bike. You are given an n×n square matrix to be filled with numerals so that no two adjacent cells have the same numeral. Further, one always speaks the truth, one always lies and one alternates between the truth and the lie. Only one among them is a truth-teller. Some view opinions held by all people to be valid criteria of truth. Therefore this question has no ambiguity at all. [1] [2] In general, all statements, when worded properly, are either true or false (even if we don’t know with certainty their truth-value, they are ultimately true or false despite our ability to know for sure). Broadly speaking, a logical truth is a statement which is true regardless of the truth or falsity of its constituent propositions. An argument is the combination of supporting statements that someone claims results in the truth of a conclusion. Q 15) An agency entrusted to accredit colleges looks at four parameters: faculty quality (F), reputation (R), placement quality (P), and infrastructure (I). These people are divided into three categories: Binary logic questions are all about making some assumptions (kind of assumptions are described later). From Utkarsh’s statements, we know neither Shivam owns a car nor Ravi. […] Reasoning How to Prepare for Data Interpretation Basics of Data Interpretation – Approximation Logical Reasoning Basics – Binary Logic – Liar, Truth Teller, and Alternator Application of Quantitative Ability Concepts in Logical Reasoning Puzzles and Data Interpretation […], […] to prepare for LRDI How to prepare for Logical Reasoning How to Prepare for Data Interpretation Logical Reasoning Basics – Binary Logic – Liar, Truth Teller, and Alternator Application of Quantitative Ability Concepts in Logical Reasoning Puzzles and Data Interpretation […]. In the ‘post-truth era’, political fact-checking has become an issue of considerable significance. Thus, logical truths such as "if p, then p" can be considered tautologies. Shivam’s first statement is a lie so he can be a liar or an alternator. Generally, only 3 person problem is asked in the CAT. The purposes are classified as broadcasting (B), communication (C), surveillance (S), and others (O). Reading Ravi’s statements, since his last statement is true so he should be an alternator (he can’t be the truth-teller as there is only one truth-teller which we already assumed as Utkarsh). Q 2) A company administers a written test comprising of three sections of 20 marks each – Data Interpretation (DI), Written English (WE) and General Awareness (GA), for recruitment. Each of them studies in one of three institutes – X, Y, and Z. Q 7) Twenty four people are part of three committees which are to look at research, teaching, and administration respectively. Q 5) You are given an n×n square matrix to be filled with numerals so that no two adjacent cells have the same numeral. Since there is one truth-teller and the only option for the truth-teller is Ravi thus we can say Ravi is the truth-teller. Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation Questions for Practice An ATM dispenses exactly Rs. More broadly, you can encourage employees to make a personal commitment to the twelve truth-oriented behaviors of the Pro-Truth Pledge by signing the pledge at ProTruthPledge.org. 6. Each of them studies in one of three institutes – X, Y, and Z. Twenty four people are part of three committees which are to look at research, teaching, and administration respectively. Handa Education Services Pvt Ltd � 2012-2018, Logical Reasoning Basics – Binary Logic – Liar, Truth Teller, and Alternator. 2. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser, Which of their statement can be considered truth ?why​, I never thought of (go) there . There is no specific link like in a discussion forum portal. All statements made by this person are false. (e) Why does kindness to animals become a sixth sense in the east?dah she help of the elyen options.1.​, trevaling dialog between two friends in 500 words​, Explain why etiquette,protocol and diplomacy are vital to effective communication. To proceed with the approach, we will first assume that Utkarsh is the truth-teller and all the statements are true. Liar: This person will always tell a lie. I have one doubt. All questions from CAT Exam Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation Since we’re talking about validity, we’re only concerned with arguments in terms of “formal” logic.

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